Posts Tagged ‘slavery’

A human trafficking awareness event was held earlier this year and the kind folks at Calvary Refuge have allowed us to link the video to our website. The video covers all the basic information you will need to educate yourself about the dangers of human trafficking. Please watch and share with family and friends.

We can overcome, but we must first learn.



Start Something to End Trafficking: A Practical Guide to Help You Start a Project, Event, Campaign, or Organization by David Trotter

When most people first hear about the horror of human trafficking, they are immediately drawn to take action but are unsure as to what they can do.

Start Something to End Trafficking is a great place to get ideas for that first step.

Before beginning any philanthropic project, people must ask themselves “why?”

“Why do you want to devote so much time and energy to a project?”

Trotter helps you discover whether your “why?” will be more or less helpful in choosing your “what?”…What will you do to help fight human trafficking? What do you specifically want to focus on?

You can choose from:

  • Raising awareness
  • Decreasing demand
  • Preventing human trafficking
  • Aftercare for survivors
  • Researching the issue
  • Starting an organization

Trotter guides you through several soul-searching questions of a discernment process, so you can focus your interests and strengths to best serve others locally and globally.

Once you know your why and what, Trotter walks you through several tried and true projects, such as launching a project, hosting an event, raising money, and starting an organization.

Questions include…

  • Who will you work with?
  • What will motivate people to attend?
  • Why are you raising money?
  • Do you need to actually start an organization to do what you want to do?

Questions like these will help keep you on track, narrowing the best plan of action for you or your group to succeed.

Helpful suggestions, tips, and motivators to help you to make a positive difference in the world are included throughout the book.

If you are not completely convinced you can make a difference when you first open the book, you will be by the time you finish reading it.


Click here to purchase the book.


The annual TIP Report, categorized into tiers based on how well governments meet the minimum requirements for the elimination of human trafficking, was set by the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000.


If there is a single theme to this year’s Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report, it is the conviction that there is nothing inevitable about trafficking in human beings. That conviction is where the process of change really begins—with the realization that just because a certain abuse has taken place in the past doesn’t mean that we have to tolerate that abuse in the future or that we can afford to avert our eyes. Instead, we should be asking ourselves—what if that victim of trafficking was my daughter, son, sister, or brother?

 This year’s TIP Report asks such questions because ending modern slavery isn’t just a fight we should attempt—it is a fight we can and must win.

                                                                        -John F. Kerry, Secretary of State


This year’s (2016) Trafficking in Persons Report focuses on the positive developments and continued challenges of preventing trafficking, and it considers how governments and the broader anti-trafficking community can effectively ensure that those who are vulnerable to human trafficking have the tools and opportunities to avert the risks of exploitation. (2016 TIP Report)


The TVPA defines “severe forms of trafficking in persons” as:

➤ sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age; or

➤ the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.

A victim need not be physically transported from one location to another for the crime to fall within these definitions.


Here is a small sampling of some of the topics discussed in the TIP Report.


  • Vulnerability and Human Trafficking


Although human trafficking occurs everywhere, the common factor that can be found is the victim’s vulnerability to exploitation. Traffickers exploit these vulnerabilities. They prey on those who lack security and opportunity, coerce, and deceive to gain control.


To prevent this, governments, NGOs, and local communities must identify the vulnerable within their borders and develop effective strategies to increase awareness and prevent human trafficking.


Examples of vulnerabilities:


  • Refugees and migrants, including asylum-seekers
  • Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) individuals
  • Religious minorities
  • People with disabilities (physical & intellectual)
  • Those who are stateless
  • The poor
  • The uneducated / poorly educated
  • Gender
  • Ethnicity
  • Homelessness
  • Children


  • Research, Data Collection, and Program Evaluation


Given the complex nature of human trafficking, data is difficult to collect, causing gaps in knowledge of how to prevent human trafficking.


Reliable baseline information providing insight to causes, trends, and characteristics of human trafficking allow governments and civil societies to create an understanding and protect their more vulnerable members of society, including a more comprehensive understanding of root causes that are specific to states, communities, and cultural contexts. With this information programs can be developed to meet the specific needs of the people.


  • Raising Awareness


Awareness regarding the signs and dangers of human trafficking is an important factor in the fight against human trafficking.


Public awareness campaigns help to educate the community to be knowledgeable to the signs of human trafficking so they can inform law enforcement as well as targeting victims who may not even know they are a victim.


Campaign designers need to improve the way human trafficking victims are portrayed in their awareness ads. By showing a victim bound and beaten skews the public’s idea of what a victim looks like. Many are controlled solely by emotional and verbal threats and may be overlooked by the public as a potential victim.


  • Policies & Programs to Reduce Risk & Empower Vulnerable Individuals


Public awareness campaigns are one way to prevent human trafficking, but laws and policies must also be put in place to protect people from becoming vulnerable to traffickers such as:

  • Registering births
  • Administering citizenship and nationality
  • Identity documents

A lack of such documents renders a person vulnerable.


Documentation also allows residents and their families to utilize health, education, and employment services, all of which make a person less vulnerable.


  • Multilateral Collaboration


Human trafficking occurs in every country, on every continent. “Multilateral engagement is a key component of many governments’ effective anti-trafficking efforts.” (2016 TIP Report)


Many organizations are incorporating anti-trafficking policies into their own operating policies such as:


  • National security
  • Human rights
  • Violence against women and children
  • Migration management
  • Refugee protection
  • Business responsibility
  • Supply chain accountability
  • Economic development


By developing common goals, these organizations can help foster data collection and standardize research while providing a venue to identify new and emerging trends in human trafficking.


  • Enhancing Partnerships


To combat human trafficking, collaboration must take place. Survivors, NGOs, donors, academics, businesses, and governments need to work together, sharing strengths and supporting weaknesses. Creating a partnership is the only way to combat human trafficking on a global scale.


  • A Joint Effort


Preventing human trafficking is an enormous challenge, requiring the sustained efforts of many. Collaboration between government and nongovernmental stakeholders is critical to strengthening efforts to prevent modern slavery.


At its core, the global struggle to combat human trafficking is about political and public will. If ignored, traffickers will continue to reap enormous profits while communities suffer the many toxic effects.


But if trafficking is confronted head on, vulnerable populations will be empowered to control more fully their lives and protect themselves from the harms of human trafficking. (2016 TIP Report)



If you need help or suspect someone may be a victim of human trafficking in the U.S. call the National Human Trafficking Resource Center Hotline at 1-888-3737-888 or text Polaris at BeFree (233733).


To download the entire report visit



Test your knowledge about human trafficking by taking this short quiz. The questions all come from articles published on this website.
How much do you know?
  1. Human Trafficking is…

a. a term used to describe smuggling.
b. a form of modern-day slavery.
c. transporting people across state lines.

  1. Victims of human trafficking include…

a. men only.
b. women only.
c. children only.
d. all of the above.

  1. Traffickers’ tactics to lure victims include…

a. force.
b. fraud.
c. coercion.
d. all of the above
e. none of the above

  1. True or False: More people are enslaved today than at the height of the transatlantic slave trade.
  1. States with the greatest concentration of trafficked persons are…

a. Texas, Nevada, and Florida
b. Illinois, Massachusetts, and New York
c. New York, California, and Florida

  1. True or False: Victims rarely know their trafficker prior to becoming a victim.
  1. True or False: A minor employed in the commercial sex trade is a victim of human trafficking even if he or she is employed of his or her own free will and free to leave if desired.
  1. True or False: All trafficking victims have visible bruises or scars, look malnourished, and are looking for the first available opportunity to escape their trafficker.
  1. The U.S. is considered a…

a. source country only. Victims are U.S. citizens taken to other countries for exploitation.
b. transit country only. Victims from other countries are moved through the U.S. on their way to other countries.
c. destination country only. Victims from other countries are brought to the U.S. then exploited within U.S. borders.
d. a transit and destination country but not a source country.
e. a source, transit, and destination country.

  1. True or False: The National Human Trafficking Hotline number is 1-888-3737-888 and tips can remain anonymous.

So, how well did you do? Impressed by how much you know or do you need a refresher course in human trafficking basics?

Test your friends and family to see how much they know about human trafficking and share your knowledge with others.


  1. b

“Human trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery where people profit from the control and exploitation of others,” According to Polaris. Although slavery is thought to be a thing of the past, slavery is much alive and thrives around the world.

  1. d

“Every year thousands of men, women, and children fall into the hands of traffickers, in their own countries and abroad,” states The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Some people think human trafficking is sex trafficking only therefore trafficking only involves women. Human trafficking involves several types of trafficking, and a percentage of men are exploited in the sex industry as well.

  1. d

“Human trafficking…involves controlling a person through force, fraud, or coercion to exploit the victim for forced labor, sexual exploitation, or both,” According to the State of California Department of Justice website. Some traffickers may only use one or two methods to control their victim, but force is always apparent.

  1. true

Between 21 and 36 million people are enslaved worldwide, according to the Free the Slaves website. The transatlantic slave trade totaled 11 million slaves.

  1. c

“States with the greatest concentration of trafficked persons are New York, California, and Florida; Washington DC also has a large trafficked population,” states a human trafficking website for medical professionals sponsored by Mount Sinai Emergency Medical Department. Because of the hidden nature of this particular crime statistics are hard to come by and rarely accurate. However, using data collected by the National Human Trafficking Resource Center Hotline (1-888-373-7888), the Polaris Project found that that between 2007 and 2012 the most potential reports of human trafficking came from California, Texas, Florida, and New York.

  1. false

Traffickers often include family members, intimate partners, and acquaintances, as well as strangers, according to the Trafficking Resource Center website.

  1. true

“Domestic minor sex trafficking occurs when U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident minors (under the age of 18) are commercially sexually exploited,” says Shared Hope International. “Children can be commercially sexually exploited through prostitution, pornography, and/or erotic entertainment.”

  1. false

At a list of signs to look for to gauge whether someone is a victim is available. The object is to recognize more than one indicator, but always trust your gut.
If you suspect someone may be the victim of human trafficking, call the hotline number and speak to a professional. He or she can guide you through a process to help determine whether the person you suspect is a victim.

  1. e

The U.S. is considered to be a source, destination, and transit country for both U.S. citizens and foreign nationals within our borders, according to the 2015 TIP Report. (p.352 of the 2015 TIP Report)

  1. true

If you suspect someone may be a victim of human trafficking or you witness behavior of a neighbor or loved one that seems “a little off,” call the hotline number to speak to a professional.

When writing articles about human trafficking, many writers use words that are common within the trafficking trade such as “pimp” and “human trafficking.” But how is someone not in the dredges of the hidden underworld of human trafficking supposed to understand?

Below is a compilation of common words used by traffickers, victims, and writers covering human trafficking, labor trafficking, and sex trafficking.

 Human Trafficking


abolitionist: anyone who speaks out for freedom and fights for social justice

aging out: when a child in foster care reaches the age of 18 or finishes high school. The Child Welfare League of America reports that as many as 36% of foster youth who have aged out of the system become homeless, 56% become unemployed, and 27% of male former foster youth become jailed.

coercion: using force or intimidation to obtain compliance

debt bondage– (also known as debt slavery or bonded labor): This a person’s pledge of his/her labor or services as security for the repayment for a debt or other obligation. The services required to repay the debt and the services’ duration may be undefined. Debt bondage can be passed from generation to generation.

exploitation: the act of treating someone unfairly in order to benefit from his/her work

facilitator: any business or person allowing a trafficker/pimp to carry out exploitation. These facilitators (e.g., taxi drivers, hotel owners, newspapers where girls are advertised) work in direct and indirect partnership with pimps and enable the commercial sexual exploitation of children.

fraud: wrongful or criminal deception intended to result in financial or personal gain

human trafficking:  the buying and selling of humans, using force, fraud or coercion, for the purpose of sexual slavery, forced labor, or commercial sexual exploitation.

modern-day slavery: refers to the institution of slavery that continues to exist today

TIP report / Trafficking In Persons Report: Organized by the U.S. State Department’s Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, the report describes and ranks the perceived efforts of countries to acknowledge and combat human trafficking.

Labor Trafficking


H-2B visa: This visa program allows U.S. employers to bring in foreign nationals to fill temporary nonagricultural jobs. H-2B workers work in construction, harvest crab meat, operate fair and carnival rides, and perform other seasonal, non-agricultural jobs. Because of lack of legal protection, workers often fall prey to unlawful recruitment and abuse.

labor trafficking:  the use of violence, threats, lies, debt bondage, and other forms of coercion to force people to work against their will in many different industries such as domestic service, farm and factory work, carnivals, door-to-door sales, and health and beauty services. In 2013, the national trafficking hotline received reports of 929 labor trafficking cases inside the U.S.


Sex Trafficking


bottom b**ch: One girl, among several controlled by a single pimp, appointed by him to supervise the others, report rule violations, and sometimes even help inflict punishment on them. She usually has been with her pimp longer than the other girls have.

branding: a tattoo or carving on a victim that indicates ownership by a trafficker/pimp/gang

brothel / bordello / cathouse / whorehouse:  any premises where prostitution commonly takes place qualifies as a brothel. However, for legal or cultural reasons, establishments sometimes describe themselves as massage parlors, bars, strip clubs, or by some other description.

circuit / track / blade: A set area known for prostitution activity. This can be a local term for the area around a group of strip clubs and pornography stores, or a particular stretch of street. Or it can be a series of cities among which prostituted people are moved (example: the West Coast circuit of San Diego, Las Vegas, Vancouver (British Columbia), and the cities between). The term can also refer to a chain of states, such as the “Minnesota pipeline” by which victims are moved through a series of locations from Minnesota to markets in New York.

commercial sex act: any sex act that includes as exchange of money, food, drugs, shelter, or higher status in a gang, includes prostitution, exotic dancing, stripping, and pornography

CSEC (commercial sexual exploitation of children): a commercial transaction that involves the sexual exploitation of a child, such as prostitution, pornography, and child sex tourism. If the victim is under 18 in the US, there is no need to show force for the act to be considered trafficking.

escort service: An organization, operating chiefly via cell phone and increasingly the Internet,  that sends a victim to a buyer’s location (an “outcall”) or arranges for the buyer to come to a house or apartment (an “in-call”); this may be the workplace of a single woman or actually a small brothel. Some escort services are networked with others and can assemble large numbers of women for parties and conventions. Some serve those with fetishes, such as sex with children or sadomasochism.

grooming / seasoning– the way traffickers “break down” or prepare their victims to have sex with strangers. It involves physical torture, isolation, confiscating the victim’s ID,   psychological manipulation, intimidation, gang rape, sodomy, beating, deprivation of food or sleep, isolation from family, friends, and other sources of support, and threatening of the holding hostage of a victim’s children. Grooming / seasoning is designed to totally break down a victim’s resistance and ensure that he/she will do anything he/she is told.

john / buyer / trick / date: a person buying another for sexual gratification, control, and/or domination. The john fuels the need for sex trafficking. If there were no buyers, there would be no need for sexual exploitation.

kiddie stroll: an area know for the prostitution of minors and young children

lot lizards: derogatory slang for girls  forced to prostitute themselves at truck stops and welcome stations

pimp: a person, usually a man, who solicits customers for a prostitute in return receives all or most of the earnings. Male pimps usually require their prostitutes to refer to them as “Daddy” out of respect while the females are referred to as “Madam.”

safe harbor laws: Safe harbor laws were developed by states to address inconsistencies regarding how children exploited for commercial sex are treated. Under federal law, a child under eighteen that is induced into providing commercial sex is a victim of trafficking and must be treated as such.

sex tourism: travel to another country for the sole purpose of engaging in sex, particularly with prostitutes. Child sex tourism involves traveling to another country with the sole purpose of engaging in sex with a minor.

sex trafficking: the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act where such an act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age

stable / household: a group of victims under the control of a single pimp living in the same household

wifeys/wife-in-law/sister wife: what women and girls under the control of the same pimp call each other

Now that you know these definitions, you can better understand what is behind the terms and broaden your understanding of the hidden meaning in the language of human trafficking.

For even more definitions, check out the links below.
definitions courtesy of Wikipedia,, Polaris Project, B.E.S.T., and

Click here to sign a petition to fight child sex trafficking in the U.S.

The 2015 TIP Report was released this week. It contains data gathered from April 1, 2014 through March 31, 2015.

The Trafficking in Persons Report is the U.S. Government’s principal diplomatic tool to engage foreign governments on human trafficking. It is also the world’s most comprehensive resource of governmental anti-human trafficking efforts and reflects the U.S. Government’s commitment to global leadership on this key human rights and law enforcement issue.

Here are 10 important highlights from the 384 page report. (You’re welcome 🙂 )
  • Forced labor in the private economy reaps some $150 billion in illicit profits each year. These billions flood the formal marketplace, corrupt the global economy, and taint purchases made by unwitting consumers.
  • Although human trafficking is found in many trades, the risk is more pronounced in industries that rely upon low-skilled or unskilled labor. This includes jobs that are dirty, dangerous, and difficult—those that are typically low-paying and undervalued by society and are often filled by socially marginalized groups including migrants, people with disabilities, or minorities.
  • ILO (International Labour Organization) estimates there are 232 million migrant workers globally, and that this number will continue to grow.
  • Eleven sectors were found to be the most likely to have a risk of human trafficking globally: Agriculture, Construction, Electronics, Fishing and Aquaculture, Forestry, Healthcare, Hospitality, Housekeeping/Facilities Operation, Mining and Basic Metal Production, Textile and Apparel Manufacturing, Transportation and Warehousing.
  • 40 of the world’s most important commodities reported cases of forced labor and/or child labor: bamboo, bananas, beans, brass, bricks, cattle, charcoal, citrus, coal, cocoa, coffee, coltan / tungsten / tin, copper, corn, cotton, diamonds, fish, flowers, gold, granite and other stone, gravel and crushed stone, jewels, leather, melons, nuts, palm oil, pineapple, rice, rubber, salt, shrimp, silk, silver, steel, strawberries, sugar, sunflowers, tea, tobacco, tomatoes, wheat, wool, and zinc.
  • The use of modern slavery as a tactic in the armed conflicts in Iraq and Syria is particularly alarming. The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), as well as other armed groups and militias, continue to intimidate populations and devastate communities through unconscionable violence, fear, and oppression. ISIL has made the targeting of women and children, particularly from Yezidi and other minority groups, a hallmark of its campaign of atrocities. In the past year, ISIL has abducted, systematically raped, and abused thousands of women and children, some as young as 8 years of age. Many of the horrific human rights abuses that ISIL has engaged in also amount to human trafficking. Women and children are sold and enslaved, distributed to ISIL fighters as spoils of war, forced into marriage and domestic servitude, or subjected to horrific physical and sexual abuse. ISIL has established “markets” where women and children are sold with price tags attached and has published a list of rules on how to treat female slaves once captured. The UN estimates 2.8 million individuals in Iraq have been displaced and nearly four million Syrians have fled the country, mostly to Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon, and Iraq. This displacement is compounded by the use of human trafficking as a tactic by ISIL in the armed conflict.
  • Global Law Enforcement Data for 2014: 10,051* prosecutions, 4,443* convictions, 44,462* victims identified, 20 new or amended legislation. *estimates only
  • North & South America Data for 2014: 944*prosecutions, 470* convictions, 8,414* victims identified, 5 new or amended legislation. *estimates only
  • The United States is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, transgender individuals, and children—both U.S. citizens and foreign nationals—subjected to sex trafficking and forced labor. Trafficking can occur in both legal and illicit industries, including in commercial sex, hospitality, sales crews, agriculture, manufacturing, janitorial services, construction, shipyards, restaurants, health and elder care, salon services, fairs and carnivals, peddling and begging, and domestic service.
  • National Human Trafficking
    Resource Center and hotline that received more than 21,000 calls in 2014 from across the United States.

***If you’ve got nothing else to do today, you can read the full TIP Report here.***

“Do what you feel in your heart to be right- for you’ll be criticized anyway” — Eleanor Roosevelt

It may be confusing to decipher what’s real and what’s sensationalized hype when reading about human trafficking because of the way it is shrouded in secrecy and hidden from the public.
Here is a list of seven truths to get you started.

Myth #1: Human trafficking is a third-world problem

Reality: Though modern-day slavery is rampant in countries like India (14 million people enslaved or 1.14% of their population- that’s almost the equivalent of New York City, Los Angeles, and Chicago combined, and China (3.2 million people enslaved or .238% of their population – more than the entire population of Orange County, California), sex trafficking and forced labor also occurs right here in the U.S.

A whopping 60,000 men, women, and children are trafficked within this country.

American citizens are trafficked both within our borders (often crossing state lines) or are taken abroad, while foreigners are trafficked within our borders.

Myth #2: Being a victim is a choice.

Reality:In some countries like India, children are sold into slavery by their family with the hopes of a better life, not knowing the abuse that awaits them. The families are unable to financially provide for their entire family and are often contacted by traffickers that make false promises about work opportunities.

Because of limited choices available to them, some men and women do choose prostitution or pornography as a means of income, but none of them chose a life of fear, intimidation, and abuse.

Interviews with rehabilitated sex workers show that some were lured by the excessive amount of money to be made in the industry but hadn’t really enjoyed nor wanted to continue the lifestyle.

Many sex workers felt they had no other choice but to sell what they had─their bodies. Others sell themselves to fuel their drug addiction.

Myth #3: Legalizing prostitution makes it safe

Reality: Legalizing prostitution benefits everyone involved–except the prostitute.

As countries like the Netherlands and Germany show us, legalizing prostitution will not make conditions safer for the women. In fact, more severe and violent behavior that could easily be described as torture is unleashed on these women.

Legalizing prostitution only makes it safe for the pimps, johns, and madams eliminating their fear of prosecution. Studies show 9 out of 10 prostitutes working in legal brothels want to break free from the job, and almost half have attempted suicide at least once.

Myth #4: Sexual exploitation only affects females

Reality: While 98% of victims trafficked for sexual exploitation are women, that also means that 2% are men. That’s 400,000 men and young boys being trafficked throughout the world for sex.

As more and more homosexual prostitution occurs, the demand for more, younger boys increases, forcing more young men into being sold.

Men also comprise 45% of forced labor trafficking.

Myth #5: A victim will always show signs of physical abuse

Reality: Pimps don’t ever have to physically abuse their victims, though they frequently do.

The emotional and mental abuse can be so overwhelming the victim will not seek out help nor defy his or her pimp ever. Pimps spend time on new “recruits” to break them down sometimes to near death. They often keep them drugged, starved, and scared.

Many victims frequently come from an abusive background and don’t know any other way of life. The victims often feel they deserve the abuse or that their pimp really does love them.

Myth #6: A victim could just leave if she wanted.

Reality: One of the ways a pimp breaks his girl is by instilling fear. This includes fear of law enforcement, fear of retaliation for not “behaving” by means of severe physical trauma, or fear of abandonment.

Victims are told they will be deported, arrested, or taken back to their family. They are brainwashed into believing no one wants to help them, they don’t deserve to be helped, and they are worthless.

For some women, their cultural beliefs hinder their desire to seek aid as they will be shamed by their family or community. Sometimes, she is returned to her abuser or sold to a new trafficker.

Although a victim may reject help initially or even after several attempts, they don’t want to continue with their current lifestyle, (s)he just might not know it yet. We must be patient with him/her and continue to do what’s best and help in any way we can.

Myth #7: Sex trafficking is the only form of trafficking

Reality: Human trafficking is defined as the use of fraud or coercion to force a person into labor or sexual exploitation for commercial purposes.

Human trafficking includes sex trafficking (prostitution, pornography, working at brothels, stripping, and sex tourism), labor trafficking (restaurant workers, farm hands, street vendors, garment workers, domestic servants, nannies and manufacturers), organ trafficking (buying and selling of human organs on the black market), illegal adoptions, forced begging, and child soldiers.

Now that you’ve armed yourself with the truth share this information with everyone you know. Awareness is the first step to eradicate human trafficking from existence. Be a part of the movement.